Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2017, Page: 97-103
Food Security and Livelihood of Rural Households of Songololo Territory in Kongo Central Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Mawunu Monizi, Departamento de Agronomia e Jardim Botanico, Escola Superior Politecnica do Uige, Universidade Kimpa Vita, Uige, Angola
Eduardo Afonso, Departamento da Saude e Gestao, Instituto Superior de Angola, Uige, Angola
Balomba Panzu, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Asaph Mohindo Ayisa, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Gédéon Bongo, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Faculty of Science, University of Gbadolite, Nord-Ubangi, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Received: Jan. 9, 2017;       Accepted: Jan. 25, 2017;       Published: Mar. 2, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.hep.20170203.12      View  1913      Downloads  100
Abstract
The survey was conducted from May to July 2012 on security, food consumption and livelihoods of 172 rural households in three administrative districts of Songololo territory, located about 200 km to the West of Kinshasa. From these investigations, we considered several food insecurity indicators namely the determining access scale household food insecurity and the household dietary diversity score. Data analysis showed that food security in a rural area highly depends on the socio-demographic and economic profile of the household head, the level of education, the facilities, the gender, the livelihood used, henceforth the need to know the household profile of these households. Songololo rural household food access is mainly done through their own agricultural production (physical access), buying from the small rural local market or through the sale by means of labor power (economic access). The more educated is the household head, the more the household is well equipped and high is the food diversity, therefore the chance is less to face food insecurity. Moreover, households headed by men vary their source of income outside of agriculture are less affected by severe food insecurity (25%) than households headed by women (50%). Last, more a household is searching for strategies of living less it is affected by food insecurity.
Keywords
Food Security, Dietary Diversity Score, Rural Households, Livelihood, Socio-economic Profile, Kongo Central, Songololo, DRC
To cite this article
Mawunu Monizi, Eduardo Afonso, Balomba Panzu, Asaph Mohindo Ayisa, Gédéon Bongo, Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, Food Security and Livelihood of Rural Households of Songololo Territory in Kongo Central Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo, International Journal of Health Economics and Policy. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2017, pp. 97-103. doi: 10.11648/j.hep.20170203.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
FAO (2013). www.fao.org/hunger/fr/ foire aux questions/ qui est le plus exposé à la faim/ les ruraux pauvres (accessed on 20.05.2013).
[2]
Ngoie, G. and Lelu D., Migration en République Démocratique du Congo, profil national, 2010, 288 pp.
[3]
ISU, Alphabétisme des adultes et des Jeunes. Bulletin d’information de l’ISU. Septembre 2015, 2015, N°.32, 7p. UIS/FS/2015/32.
[4]
FAO (2008). Report on use of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale and Household Dietary Diversity Score in two survey rounds in Manica and Sofala Provinces, Mozambique, 2006-2007; 2008, 23pp. www.foodsec.org/tr/nut/moz_diet.pdf
[5]
CRAFOD, Étude sur les produits agricoles transformables dans la province du Bas-Congo «cas des produits alimentaires», Kimpese, RDC, 2007, 103 pp.
[6]
ADAP, Projet de lutte contre la pseudo-peste aviaire de l’aviculture villageoise dans le territoire de Songololo, province du Bas-Congo, RDC, 2010, 11 pp.
[7]
Mpanzu B., Commercialisation des produits vivriers paysans dans le Bas-Congo (RDC): contraintes et stratégies des acteurs (Thèse de doctorat). Université de Liège-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Belgique, 2012, 213 pp.
[8]
Rapport de l’état civil de Songololo, (2012).
[9]
Compere, P., Carte des sols et de la végétation du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi. Bas-Congo. Notice explicative de la carte de la végétation. Publications de l’Institut National pour l’Etude Agronomique du Congo. Office national de la recherche et du développement, République démocratique du Congo, 1970, 35 pp.
[10]
Bultot, F., Notice de la carte des zones climatiques du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi (Comm. n°9 du Bureau climatologique), Publication INÉAC, Coll. In-4°.
[11]
ACF RD Congo, Rapport de l’Enquête Nutritionnelle anthropométrique. Zone de santé de Kimpese, Province du Bas-Congo. République Démocratique du Congo, 2006.
[12]
Sumbu, M. F., Monographie de la province du Bas-Congo. Ministère du plan. République Démocratique du Congo. Matadi, 2005, 202 pp.
[13]
PAM-RDC, Analyse globale de la sécurité alimentaire et de la vulnérabilité, Kinshasa, RDC, 2008.
[14]
DSCRP, Document de la stratégie de croissance et de réduction de la pauvreté (seconde génération), Kinshasa, RDC, 2012, 115 pp.
[15]
FAO, FIDA and PAM, L’état de l’insécurité alimentaire dans le monde 2015. Objectifs internationaux 2015 de réduction de la faim: des progrès inégaux. Rome, FAO, 2015.
[16]
Coates, J., Swindale, A., and Bilinsky P., Echelle de l’Accès déterminant l’insécurité alimentaire des ménages (HFIAS) pour la mesure de l’Accès alimentaire des ménages: Guide d’indicateurs, Version 3. Washington, USA, 2007, 35 pp.
[17]
DSRP-Bas-Congo, Document provincial de stratégie de réduction de la pauvreté: province du Bas-Congo, Matadi, RDC, 2007, 128 pp.
[18]
Stephen D. Livelihood Insecurity and Social Protection: A Re-emerging Issue in Rural Development. Development Policy Review, 2001, 19 (4): 507-519.
[19]
Frank E. Household strategies and rural livelihood diversification, The Journal of Development Studies, 1998, 35 (1): 1-38, DOI: 10.1080/00220389808422553.
[20]
Barrett C. B., Reardon T, and Webb P. Nonfarm income diversification and household livelihood strategies in rural Africa: concepts, dynamics, and policy implications. Food Policy, 2001, 26: 315–331.
[21]
Polly J. E. Conceptualizing food systems for global environmental change research. Global Environmental Change, 2008, 18: 234–245.
[22]
Abur, C. C. Assessment of Food Security Status among Rural farming households in Guma Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Studies, 2014, 1 (2): 32-42.
[23]
Cracking the nut in Africa. Improving Rural Livelihoods and Food Security. Lessons from the Africa regional Conference, 2014, 46.
[24]
Magombeyi, S. M., Taigbenu, E. A. and Barron J. Rural poverty and Food insecurity mapping at district level for improved agricultural water management in the Limpompo River Basin. Colombo, Sri Lanka: CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food (CPWF), Research for Development Series 6, 2013, 54.
Browse journals by subject