Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 158-167
Community-Based Health Insurance Enrollment and Determinants in Addis Ababa: Insights from Behavioral Economics and Discrete Choice Experiments
Abel Eshetu, Zemen Bank Risk Management Department, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Abrham Seyoum, Center for Rural Development, College of Development Studies, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: Jul. 13, 2019;       Accepted: Aug. 7, 2019;       Published: Dec. 26, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.hep.20190404.16      View  586      Downloads  183
Abstract
Community-based health insurance target those employed in the rural and informal sector in urban by pooling risks and protect households from out-of-pocket expenditures when receiving health facility services. However, Ethiopian community-based health insurance is schemes characterized by low enrollment. The aim of this study is to analyze the determinants of community-based health insurance enrollment in Addis Ababa from behavioral economics and discrete choice experiment insights. A total of 222 households from ten pilot woredas were selected for the study using a simple random sampling technique. A simple social experiment is used to examine the significance of behavioral biases. A discrete choice experiment conducted across three attributes and conditional logit model used to determine the relative importance of the selected attributes and willingness-to-pay for those attributes. In addition, the binary logit regression model is used to estimate the probability of households enrollment in community-based health insurance. The study result indicates that households have the highest willingness to pay for only private health service providers (Birr 1849.6/year) compared to status-quo level. Non-member households’ willingness to pay for comprehensive health service package Birr 2271.7/year. Moreover, this study revealed loss-aversion bias, over-optimistic bias, and herding bias had significantly affected the household decision on community-based health insurance enrollment. The study suggests that behavioral biases affect Community-based health insurance enrollment. The study finding also reveals that respondent households are willingness to pay more for comprehensive health service package and for health insurance scheme that includes private health service providers. In addition, the study concludes eligible household enrollment decision varied based on their socio-demographic and household characteristic. This study recommends the need to consider mandatory community-based health insurance schemes and apply targeting intervention (coverage) to the particular group.
Keywords
Community Based Health Insurance, Behavioral Biases, Discrete Choice Experiment, Willingness to Pay, Addis Ababa
To cite this article
Abel Eshetu, Abrham Seyoum, Community-Based Health Insurance Enrollment and Determinants in Addis Ababa: Insights from Behavioral Economics and Discrete Choice Experiments, International Journal of Health Economics and Policy. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 158-167. doi: 10.11648/j.hep.20190404.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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